The offering of Isaac at that time, quoted here, James 2:21 , formed no part of the ground of his justification, for he was justified previously on his simply believing in the promise of spiritual heirs, that is, believers, numerous as the stars. In Genesis 22:1 it is written, God did tempt Abraham, that is, put to the test of demonstration the reality of his faith, not for the satisfaction of God, who already knew it well, but to demonstrate it before men. It is parallel to verse 18 where it says, "not one jot or one tittle," the least things that are part of the law of God.Using this principle, consider that there can be no doubt that, of all the Ten Commandments held in respect and honor by the people of the world, the Sabbath commandment is the least of the ten. 1. brethren--The equality of all Christians as "brethren," forms the groundwork of the admonition. Only indirectly rich Christians can be meant, who, by their inconsistency, caused His name to be blasphemed; so Ezekiel 36:21 Ezekiel 36:22 , Romans 2:24 . Once we are saved by grace through faith, we are no longer under the law and therefore we need not be in bondage to the law. 2. Both senses are united in John 15:14 John 15:15 " [BENGEL]. As all believers, alike rich and poor, derive all their glory from their union with Him, "the Lord of glory," not from external advantages of worldly fortune, the sin in question is peculiarly inconsistent with His "faith." ii. But unless thy faith goes farther than an assent to this truth, "the evil spirits (literally, 'demons': 'devil' is the term restricted to Satan, their head) believe" so far in common with thee, "and (so far from being saved by such a faith) shudder (so the Greek)," Matthew 8:29 , Luke 4:34 , 2 Peter 2:4 , Jude 1:6 , Revelation 20:10 . The best manuscripts read, "Whosoever shall have kept the whole law, and yet shall have offended (literally, 'stumbled'; not so strong as 'fall,' Romans 11:11 ) in one (point; here, the respecting of persons), is (hereby) become guilty of all." For the Greek constantly means "doubt" in all the New Testament. James 2 Commentary, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. The introduction of this custom into Jewish Christian places of worship is here reprobated by James. 18. ()Through the Holy Spirit, God gives us His gift of joy as part of the process of spiritual completion. Notice that James does not deny that it is faith. "But some one will say": so the Greek. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. 13. be--The Greek implies, "be found, on your access to them.". The same play on the same kindred words occurs in the Greek of Romans 14:10 Romans 14:23 , "judge . The same words in the mouth of Christ, whose faith they said they had, were accompanied by efficient deeds of love. (2) The positive portrayal (James 1:25) 2. And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” And he was called the friend of God. The converse of, "Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy" ( Matthew 5:7 ). "By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not." You do well. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Salem Media Group. The "synagogue" implies a mere assembly or congregation not necessarily united by any common tie. The first of these concerns partiality. . The Greek is, "But if," &c.: the "But" taking up the argument against such a one as "said he had faith, and yet had not works," which are its fruits. filled--instead of being "destitute of food" ( Matthew 15:37 ). James teaches us about such matters in James 2:1-13. . It is faith that not only hears the word of God but does it, as in Matthew 7:24-27. Choose a verse from 'James 2' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org It is not living faith, nor can it save.” (Burdick). If there is no evidence of a new life, then there was no genuine, saving faith. Verse 14 The subject here is the nature of real *faith. goodly apparel . 6. . a. Rahab the harlot: Significantly, James used two examples of a living faith – Abraham (the father of the Jews) and Rahab (a Gentile). You do well. 20 th Book in the New Testament . “Therefore, if no deeds are forthcoming, it is proof that the professed faith is dead. In the two clauses which follow, emphasize "faith" in the former, and "works" in the latter, to see the sense [BENGEL]. show me thy faith without thy works--if thou canst; but thou canst not SHOW, that is, manifest or evidence thy alleged ( James 2:14 , "say") faith without works. True *faith isnot just to feel good or to accept the truth only with the m… On James 2:14-26: This paragraph is perhaps the most disputed and misunderstood passage in the New Testament; but the interpretation presented here flows out of deep convictions: (1) that here indeed we have the inspired word of God; (2) that this portion of the New Testament is as easily understood as any other; (3) that the simple answers are the true ones; (4) that there is not the slightest contradiction … . ( Jas 2:1) The principle established. James addressed some of the problems, temptations, and sins that can be faced in the church and among all those who call themselves Christians. Thus, either for "judges," &c. translate, "distinguishers of (that is, according to your) evil thoughts"; or, do ye not partially judge between men, and are become evilly-thinking judges ( Mark 7:21 )? ALFORD explains, "Received its realization, was entirely exemplified and filled up." 20. wilt thou know--"Vain" men are not willing to know, since they have no wish to "do" the will of God. The passage begins with a question about what faith actually is (James 2:1). This verse continues the argument from james 2:14 james 2:16 . Martin G. Collins Joy Not that their mercy is the ground of their acquittal, but the mercy of God in Christ towards them, producing mercy on their part towards their fellow men, makes them to triumph over judgment, which all in themselves otherwise deserve. a. there--at a distance from where the good seats are. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Do you see that faith was working together with his works, and by works faith was made perfect? Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. 1 a James, a servant 1 of God and b of the Lord Jesus Christ, To c the twelve tribes in d the Dispersion: Greetings. Matthew 21:21 , Acts 10:20 , Romans 4:20 , "staggered not." Our study will be lifted from the 2 nd chapter of the 45 th book in the Bible . Their faith only adds to their torment at the thought of having to meet Him who is to consign them to their just doom: so thine ( Hebrews 10:26 Hebrews 10:27 , it is not the faith of love, but of fear, that hath torment, 1 John 4:18 ). Likewise, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way? So BENGEL, "If the works which living faith produces have no existence, it is a proof that faith itself (literally, 'in respect to itself') has no existence; that is, that what one boasts of as faith, is dead." That work of faith demonstrated, but did not contribute to his justification. Testing of Your Faith. All rights reserved. James 2, Adam Clarke Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 3. have respect to him, &c.--though ye know not who he is, when perhaps he may be a heathen. draw you--Translate, "is it not they (those very persons whom ye partially prefer, James 2:1-4 ) that drag you (namely, with violence)" [ALFORD]. promised--( Luke 12:32 , 1 Corinthians 2:9 , 2 Timothy 4:8 ). ye do well, but if (on the other hand) ye respect persons, ye practice sin." The best authorities read, "But Abraham believed," &c. and he was called the Friend of God--He was not so called in his lifetime, though he was so even then from the time of his justification; but he was called so, being recognized as such by all on the ground of his works of faith. 2 e Count it all joy, my brothers, 2 when you meet trials f of various kinds, 3 for you know that g the testing of your faith h produces steadfastness. "Mercy" here corresponds to "love," James 2:8 . 1 Timothy 6:18 , "rich in good works" ( Revelation 2:9 ; compare 2 Corinthians 8:9 ). Faith is a spiritual thing: works are material. My brethren, do not hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with partiality. 2, 3. But that isn’t my gift.”James will not allow this kind of thinking. James perhaps is subtly rebuking the partiality that may have developed on the part of Jewish Christians against the Gentile believers starting to come into the church. 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